Bulletin for Palm Sunday, April 13, 2014
(link above to oca for daily saints commemorated)
This HOLY Week in Our Community
TODAY, PALM SUNDAY: 9:30am, Repentance Prayers, Confessions, Hours 10am, FESTAL DIVINE LITURGY, Childrens' Procession, Blessing of Branches, followed by Coffee Hour and Church School
HOLY MONDAY & TUESDAY, APRIL 14 & 15: 6:15 pm+, Confessions 7:00 pm, BRIDEGROOM MATINS
HOLY WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16: 7:00 pm, SACRAMENT OF HOLY UNCTION
HOLY THURSDAY, APRIL 17:
9:30 am, Vesperal DIVINE LITURGY,
7:00 pm, Passion Gospel MATINS
GREAT and HOLY FRIDAY, APRIL 18:
9:30 am, ROYAL HOURS: Psalms and Scriptures
2:00 pm, AKATHIST to the Passions of Christ
7:00 pm, VESPERS of the Burial of Christ,
with outdoor procession, Lamentations at the Tomb.
[A vigil will be kept through midnight with the reading of the Acts of the Apostles.]
GREAT and HOLY SATURDAY, APRIL 19:
9:30 am, Vesperal DIVINE LITURGY,
(Church open at 10:15 pm)
11:00 pm, Greeting of Bishop Mark, NOCTURNS and Outdoor Candlelight Procession
GREAT and HOLY PASCHA, APRIL 20:
12:00 am: PASCHAL MATINS and FESTAL DIVINE LITURGY
Blessing of Eggs, Foods and Paschal Feast will follow in the Fellowship Center.
(no other morning service)
4:00 pm, Paschal VESPERS and Parish Open House
BRIGHT MONDAY, APRIL 21:
9:30 am, DIVINE LITURGY
PALM WEEKEND: At Vespers on Friday, we sang this hymn: "We have completed the forty days which profit our souls. Let us sing "Rejoice, city of Bethany; home of Lazarus! Rejoice, Mary and Martha, his sisters! Christ has come to raise your brother to life! Bitter and unsatisfied, hell will hear His voice. Shaking and groaning, it will release bound Lazarus. The assembly of Hebrews will be amazed! They will greet Him with palms and branches. Though their priests and elders look upon Him with envy and malice, the children shall praise Him in songs; 'Blessed is He that comes in the Name of the Lord: the King of Israel."
Great Lent is now over. Having "profited our souls" and purified our hearts by prayer, fasting, confession and almsgiving (since Lent began on March 3), we now stand at the threshold of Holy Week, faithfully following Our Blessed Lord in the events, teachings and circumstances that ultimately lead to His redeeming Passion: giving His life "for the life of the world and its salvation."
To begin to appreciate the voluntary death of Christ on the Cross, the Church lovingly offers her faithful children a prelude to His victory over sin and death in the triumph of Palm weekend; the raising of Lazarus from the dead and the Entry of Christ into Jerusalem where He's hailed as King.
During this weekend of transition from Lent to Holy Week, we're drawn to reflect especially upon the fundamental doctrine of our Holy Church concerning the two natures of Christ; human and divine. Though, in His humanity, Jesus weeps for Lazarus, in His Divinity, He raises His friend from the dead as an unmistakable testimony of His Almighty power and a prefigurement of His own resurrection.
But there's more -- the indication of what awaits ALL who truly believe in Jesus Christ as "the resurrection and the life."
Our Lord said to Martha, "I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me, though he die, yet shall he live, and whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?" (John 11:25-26). The Lord asks each of us the same: "do YOU believe this?" May our Holy Week journey with Him provide the answer!
TODAY... Bridegroom Matins for the Wilkes-Barre Deanery will be held at 4pm at Holy Resurrection Cathedral in Wilkes-Barre. Refreshments and fellowship will follow.
SEVEN WORDS of Christ on the Cross -- a written meditation by Fr Dan for your personal Holy Week reflection -- is offered today to the glory of God for your edification.
HOLY WEEK SCHEDULE is posted together with a list of parishioner assignments for Holy Friday and Pascha and "Holy Week Tips for Parents." Naturally, the schedule means nothing to those who don't PLAN to attend -- so PLAN! As (retired) Fr Ressetar of Harrisburg always told his people; "Missing Holy Week services is a big no-no for Orthodox Christians!" And don't hesitate to invite friends to join us for Holy Week services! If you don't ask they won't come. If you DO, they may surprise you!
CONFESSION: There've been six weeks of Lenten opportunities (and countless reminders) for partaking of the Sacrament of Confession. Though most parishioners, including children, have done so (some, multiple times!), there're those among us who've not. But take heart even at this "eleventh hour." Confession is available this Monday through Wednesday between 6:15 and 7pm. Kindly respect service preparations thereafter by not requesting confession unless absolutely necessary. "Therefore let any one who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall" (1 Corinthians 10:12). Enough said.
AUXILIARY NEWS: Several quarts of (frozen) lentil soup are still available. We'll be making perogi again on Friday, May 2. Get orders in early and stock up for the Summer (this is our last project until September!). Thanks to those who helped make 50-some trays of Baklava last week. Those who ordered it (and other food items) please pick it up today (so the kielbasi smell doesn't linger during Holy Week!). Baklava is all accounted for (no extras!). The weekly Coffee Hour list could use YOUR name on blank Sunday lines. And the Paschal Agape Feast sign-up awaits your input. The festal meal follows our services next Saturday night. If you haven't yet made a "meat" donation ($8 per family), please do so today at Coffee Hour. We humbly request food items be brought to the Fellowship Center on Saturday either before 6pm or when coming to services (after 10pm) to allow some down-time for the rectory.
BISHOP MARK: Our new diocesan Bishop Mark will again be with us for Pascha. We'll greet him this Holy Saturday evening at 11pm. Come early! His driver for Holy Week is our own Seminarian Ed Hunter who'll be sharing Pascha with us as well. Also, the Diocese has announced Bishop Mark's enthronement as our diocesan bishop on Saturday, May 10 at St Stephen's Cathedral in northeast Philadelphia. Liturgy at 9:30am with Metropolitan Tikhon and guests, followed by a banquet at the Radisson Hotel Philadelphia Northeast at 1pm. Banquet tickets are $35, reservation deadline is April 30. Consider attending and contact the parish office if planning to do so.
ALL CYLINDERS FIRIN": Thanks so much to those who spent some outdoor time together after yesterday's Liturgy to spruce up our property and spread some mulch in preparation for Holy Week. Thanks also to Phil for polishing candlestands on Friday. They look new! We truly appreciate the efforts of all -- and will be doing a lot of other prep work this coming week around the services.
ALTAR BOY ROBES have arrived -- from Russia! -- and will be blessed this week and put into use for Pascha. They were purchased from our Memorial Fund and will therefore perpetuate the memory of those fallen-asleep in the Lord.
OCMC Coin Boxes will be collected on Sunday, April 27 and subsequently disbursed. Put yours in a prominent place in your house during Holy Week for the fruits of your fast. Info and details of the Mission Center can be viewed at ocmc.org.
POST-PASCHA: Plan to return to church at 4pm on Pascha for Vespers and an Open House. To see the brightly-decorated church with open altar doors on Pascha afternoon alone is worth the trip! We'll eat up more leftovers and "kick- back" to enjoy more fellowship (and weather-permitting, some outdoor socializing).
MAY PILGRIMAGES: We're planning to make our annual parish pilgrimage to the Holy Protection Convent in White Haven PA on Saturday, May 17. There'll be a sign-up on the bulletin board soon for those planning to attend (so the sisters can prepare lunch at about 1:30pm.) And the annual Memorial Day Pilgrimage to St Tikhon's Monastery in South Canaan will be held on Monday, May 26 with the usual weekend of services.
LOVE OFFERINGS: Our April LOVE offering is designated for the flowers to adorn our church for Holy Friday and throughout the Paschal season. Please use your monthly LOVE envelope for this purpose.
FROM THIS DAY FORTH: Our parish newsletter was mailed on Tuesday, April 8, and included a Paschal offering envelope. Should its delivery be overly-delayed, additional envelopes are available at the candle counter. The newsletter article also appears on our website, facebook page and oca.org -- and will be the "Footsteps to Follow" column in this Saturday's Sun-Gazette.
LAWNCARE: The new team-rotation list for lawncare volunteers is (and will continue to be) displayed on the Fellowship Center bulletin board. Be sure to note assigned date(s) and change with others if necessary. Thanks
KRISTI'S QUOTES: "What counts above all is love: passionate love for the Lord; for Christ the Bridegroom. Become worthy of Christ's love." -- St Porphyios
"THEOLOGY IN ACTION": Every central teaching of the Church is profoundly expressed in the divine worship of Holy Week. Thus participation in the services not only edifies the faithful as "servants of God" but also gives living testimony to "the faith once for all delivered to the saints." Every question that begins; "What do the Orthodox believe about...?" is answered, directly or indirectly, in Holy Week worship; "theology in action." This is also our response to those wondering which of the nine unique services offered during Holy Week are "the most important". Frankly, they all are (that's why they're offered!). Though some have their 'favorites', each embodies essential elements of our faith and is therefore precious and of inestimable spiritual value. Come and drink deeply from the Church's "Fountain of Wisdom."
“It is always possible to make a new start by means of repentance. “You fell,” it is written, “now arise” (Proverbs 24:16). And if you fall again, then rise again, without despairing at all of your salvation, no matter what happens. As long as you do not surrender yourself willingly to the enemy, your patient endurance, combined with self-reproach, will suffice for your salvation. “For at one time we ourselves went astray in our folly and disobedience,” says St Paul. “…Yet he saved us, not because of any good things we have done, but in His mercy” (Titus 3:5). So do not despair in any way, ignoring God’s help, for He can do whatever He wishes. On the contrary, place your hope in Him; and because of your hope He will act lovingly toward you in ways of which you are not aware, and so will save your shackled soul. Only do not abandon your Physician.”
--- St Peter of Damascus
Got a problem with organized religion???
Confession... to a Priest?!
from "Lessons in Our Faith" by Bishop Michael (Dahulich) of New York
(many similar videos available at nynjoca.org)
Question #4: But why must I go to a priest for confession; can't I just confess directly to God?
Answer: The first Christians confessed their sins publicly, out loud before everyone in the Church, because we sin against both God and one another; and they received the forgiveness -- the absolution -- from the bishop (or the priest) as directed by our Lord. St James confirms this, saying: "Confess your sins to one another" (James 5:10). Because people unfortunately began to discuss one another's sins, the Church prescribed that the priest (or bishop) would not only individually offer the forgiveness, but would also individually hear the penitent's confession with the promise of confidentiality. Just like we cannot be healed by our doctor unless we tell him where the pain is, we cannot be healed of our sins unless we tell them in the presence of our spiritual father. It is humbling to be sure; but that cures the mother of all sin: pride. St John Chrysostom tells us, "It is difficult to confess to our spiritual father; but I would rather confess my sins to one man and be forgiven, than be disgraced before the whole universe at the Last Judgment for my unforgiven sins."
How Shall We Repay the Lord for All His Goodness to Us?
St Basil the Great (4th Century)
What words can adequately describe God's gifts? They are so numerous that they defy enumeration. They are so great that any one of them demands our total gratitude in response.
Yet even though we cannot speak of it worthily, there is one gift which no thoughtful man can pass over in silence. God fashioned man in His own image and likeness; He gave him know- ledge of Himself; He endowed him with the ability to think which raised him above all living creatures; He permitted him to delight in the unimaginable beauties of paradise, and gave him dominion over everything upon earth.
Then, when man was deceived by the serpent and fell into sin, which led to death and to all the sufferings associated with death, God still did not forsake him.
He first gave man the law to help him; He set angels over him to guard him; He sent the prophets to denounce vice and to teach virtue; He restrained man's evil impulses by warnings and roused his desire for virtue by promises. Frequently, by way of warning, God showed him the respective ends of virtue and of vice in the lives of other men. Moreover, when man continued in disobedience even after he had done all this, God did not desert him.
No, we were not abandoned by the goodness of the Lord! Even the insult we offered to our Benefactor by despising His gifts did not destroy His love for us. On the contrary, although we were dead, our Lord Jesus Christ restored us to life again, and in a way even more amazing than the fact itself, for His state was divine, yet He did not cling to His equality with God, but emptied Himself to assume the condition of a slave.
He bore our infirmities and endured our sorrows. He was wounded for our sake so that by His wounds we might be healed. He redeemed us from the curse by becoming a curse for our sake, and He submitted to the most ignominious death in order to exalt us to the life of glory.
Nor was He content merely to summon us back from death to life; He also bestowed on us the dignity of His own divine nature and prepared for us a place of eternal rest where there will be joy so intense as to surpass all human imagination.
How, then, shall we repay the Lord for all His goodness to us? He is so good that He asks no recompense except our love: that is the only payment He desires.
To confess my personal feelings, when I reflect on all these blessings, I am overcome by a kind of dread and numbness at the very possibility of ceasing to love God and of bringing shame upon Christ because of my lack of recollection and my preoccupa- tion with trivialities.
ON THE HOLY CROSS by St Andrew of Crete
"The cross is something wonderfully great and honourable. It is great because through the cross the many noble acts of Christ found their consummation -- very many indeed, for both His miracles and His sufferings were fully rewarded with victory. The cross is honourable because it is both the sign of God's suffering and the trophy of His victory. It stands for His suffering because on it He freely suffered unto death. But it is also His trophy because it was the means by which the devil was wounded and death conquered; the barred gates of hell were smashed, and the cross became the one common salvation of the whole world. The cross is called Christ's glory; it is saluted as His triumph. We rccognise it as the cup He longed to drink and the climax of the sufferings He endured for our sake.
The Holy Fathers of the First Six Ecumenical Councils
In the Ninth Article of the Nicea-Constantinople Symbol of Faith proclaimed by the holy Fathers of the First and Second Ecumenical Councils, we confess our faith in "One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church." By virtue of the catholic nature of the Church, an Ecumenical Council is the Church's supreme authority, and possesses the competence to resolve major questions of church life. An Ecumenical Council is comprised of archpastors and pastors of the Church, and representatives of all the local Churches, from every land of the "oikumene" (i.e. from all the whole inhabited world).
The Orthodox Church acknowledges Seven Holy Ecumenical Councils: The First Ecumenical Council (Nicea I) (May 29, and also on seventh Sunday after Pascha) was convened in the year 325 against the heresy of Arius, in the city of Nicea in Bithynia under StConstantine the Great, Equal of the Apostles.
The Second Ecumenical Council (Constantinople I) (May 22) was convened in the year 381 against the heresy of Macedonias, by the emperor Theodosius the Great.
The Third Ecumenical Council (Ephesus) (September 9) was convened in the year 431 against the heresy of Nestorius, in the city of Ephesus by the emperor Theodosius the Younger.
The Fourth Ecumenical Council (Chalcedon) (July 16) was convened in the year 451, against the Monophysite heresy, in the city of Chalcedon under the emperor Marcian.
The Fifth Ecumenical Council (Constnatinople II) (July 25) "Concerning the Three Chapters," was convened in the year 553, under the emperor Justinian the Great.
The Sixth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople III) (January 23) met during the years 680-681, to fight the Monothelite heresy, under the emperor Constantine Pogonatos.
The fact that the Seventh Ecumenical Council (Nicea II) is not commemorated today testifies to the antiquity of today's celebration. The Seventh Council, commemorated on the Sunday nearest to October 11, was convened at Nicea in the year 787 against the Iconoclast heresy, under the emperor Constantine and his mother Irene.
The Church venerates the Holy Fathers of the Ecumenical Councils because Christ has established them as "lights upon the earth," guiding us to the true Faith. "Adorned with the robe of truth," the doctrine of the Fathers, based upon the preaching of the Apostles, has established one faith for the Church. The Ecumenical Councils, are the highest authority in the Church. Such Councils, guided by the grace of the Holy Spirit, and accepted by the Church, are infallible.
The Orthodox Church's conciliar definitions of dogma have the highest authority, and such definitions always begin with the Apostolic formula: "It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us..." (Acts 15: 28).
The Ecumenical Councils were always convened for a specific reason: to combat false opinions and heresies, and to clarify the Orthodox Church's teaching. But the Holy Spirit has thus seen fit, that the dogmas, the truths of faith, immutable in their content and scope, constantly and consequently are revealed by the conciliar mind of the Church, and are given precision by the holy Fathers within theological concepts and terms in exactly such measure as is needed by the Church itself for its economy of salvation. The Church, in expounding its dogmas, is dealing with the concerns of a given historical moment, "not revealing everything in haste and thoughtlessly, nor indeed, ultimately hiding something" (St Gregory the Theologian).
A brief summary of the dogmatic theology of the First Six Ecumenical Councils is formulated and contained in the First Canon of the Council of Trullo (also known as Quinisext), held in the year 692. The 318 Holy Fathers of the First Ecumenical Council are spoken of in this Canon I of Trullo as having: "with unanimity of faith revealed and declared to us the consubstantiality of the three Persons of the Divine nature and, ... instructing the faithful to adore the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit with one worship, they cast down and dispelled the false teaching about different degrees of Divinity."
The 150 Holy Fathers of the Second Ecumenical Council left their mark on the theology of the Church concerning the Holy Spirit, "repudiating the teaching of Macedonius, as one who wished to divide the inseparable Unity, so that there might be no perfect mystery of our hope."
The 200 God-bearing Fathers of the Third Ecumenical Council expounded the teaching that "Christ, the Incarnate Son of God is One." They also confessed that "she who bore Him without seed was the spotless Ever-Virgin, glorifying her as truly the Mother of God.
The 630 Holy Fathers of the Fourth Ecumenical Council decreed that "the One Christ, the Son of God... must be glorified in two natures."
The 165 God-bearing Holy Fathers of the Fifth Ecumenical Council "in synod anathematized and repudiated Theodore of Mopsuestia (the teacher of Nestorius), and Origen, and Didymus, and Evagrius, renovators of the Hellenic teaching about the transmigration of souls and the transmutation of bodies and the impieties they raised against the resurrection of the dead."
The 170 Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council "taught that we ought to confess two natural volitions, or two wills [trans. note: one divine, and the other human], and two natural operations (energies) in Him Who was incarnate for our salvation, Jesus Christ, our true God."
In decisive moments of Church history, the holy Ecumenical Councils promulgated their dogmatic definitions, as trustworthy delimitations in the spiritual battle for the purity of Orthodoxy, which will last until such time, as "all shall come into the unity of faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God" (Eph. 4: 13). In the struggle with new heresies, the Church does not abandon its former dogmatic concepts nor replace them with some sort of new formulations. The dogmatic formulae of the Holy Ecumenical Councils need never be superseded, they remain always contemporary to the living Tradition of the Church. Therefore the Church proclaims:
"The faith of all in the Church of God hath been glorified by men, which were luminaries in the world, cleaving to the Word of Life, so that it be observed firmly, and that it dwell unshakably until the end of the ages, conjointly with their God-bestown writings and dogmas. We reject and we anathematize all whom they have rejected and anathematized, as being enemies of Truth. And if anyone does not cleave to nor admit the aforementioned pious dogmas, and does not teach or preach accordingly, let him be anathema" (Canon I of the Council of Trullo).
In addition to their dogmatic definitions, the Holy Fathers of the Ecumenical Councils exerted great efforts towards the strengthening of church discipline. Local Councils promulgated their disciplinary canons according to the circumstances of the time and place, frequently differing among themselves in various particulars.
The universal unity of the Orthodox Church required unity also in canonical practice, i.e. a conciliar deliberation and affirmation of the most important canonical norms by the Fathers of the Ecumenical Councils. Thus, according to conciliar judgment, the Church has accepted: 20 Canons from the First, 7 Canons from the Second, 8 Canons from the Third, and 30 Canons from the Fourth Ecumenical Synods. The Fifth and the Sixth Councils concerned themselves only with resolving dogmatic questions, and did not leave behind any disciplinary canons.
The need to establish in codified form the customary practices during the years 451-680, and ultimately to compile a canonical codex for the Orthodox Church, occasioned the convening of a special Council, which was wholly devoted to the general application of churchly rules. This was convened in the year 692. The Council "in the Imperial Palace" or "Under the Arches" (in Greek "en trullo"), came to be called the Council in Trullo. It is also called the "Quinisext" [meaning the "fifth and sixth"], because it is considered to have completed the activities of the Fifth and Sixth Councils, or rather that it was simply a direct continuation of the Sixth Ecumenical Council itself, separated by just a few years.
The Council in Trullo, with its 102 Canons (more than of all the Ecumenical Synods combined), had a tremendous significance in the history of the canonical theology of the Orthodox Church. It might be said that the Fathers of this Council produced a complete compilation of the basic codex from the relevant sources for the Orthodox Church's canons. Listing through in chronological order, and having been accepted by the Church the Canons of the Holy Apostles, and the Canons of the Holy Ecumenical and the Local Councils and of the holy Fathers, the Trullo Council declared: "Let no one be permitted to alter or to annul the aforementioned canons, nor in place of these put forth, or to accept others, made of spurious inscription" (2nd Canon of the Council in Trullo).
Church canons, sanctified by the authority of the first Six Ecumenical Councils (including the rules of the Seventh Ecumenical Council in 787, and the Constantinople Councils of 861 and 879, which were added later under the holy Patriarch Photius), form the basis of THE RUDDER, or KORMCHAYA KNIGA (a canon law codex known as "Syntagma" or "Nomokanon" in 14 titles). In its repository of grace is expressed a canonical norm, a connection to every era, and a guide for all the local Orthodox Churches in churchly practice.
New historical conditions can lead to the change of some particular external aspect of the life of the Church. This makes creative canonical activity necessary in the conciliar reasoning of the Church, in order to reconcile the external norms of churchly life with historical circumstances. The details of canonical regulation are not fully developed for the various eras of churchly organization at all once. With every push to either forsake the literal meaning of a canon, or to fulfill and develop it, the Church again and again turns for reasoning and guidance to the eternal legacy of the Holy Ecumenical Councils, to the inexhaustable treasury of dogmatic and canonical truths.
--- from oca.org
Ancient Wisdom -- with Contemporary Relevance!
from St John Chrysostom (4th century)
Should we look to kings and princes to put right the inequalities between rich and poor? Should we require soldiers to come and seize the rich person's gold and distribute it among his destitute neighbors? Should we beg the emperor to impose a tax on the rich so great that it reduces them to the level of the poor and then to share the proceeds of that tax among everyone?
Equality imposed by force would achieve nothing, and do much harm. Those who combined both cruel hearts and sharp minds would soon find ways of making themselves rich again.
Worse still, the rich whose gold was taken away would feel bitter and resentful; while the poor who received the gold from the hands of soldiers would feel no gratitude, because no generosity would have prompted the gift. Far from bringing moral benefit to society, it would actually do moral harm.
Material justice cannot be accomplished by compulsion, a change of heart will not follow. The only way to achieve true justice is to change people's hearts first and then they will joyfully share their wealth.
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